Pregnancy and Physiotherapy

When a woman becomes pregnant she experiences, throughout the whole process, physical changes that go beyond the diameter of her belly. Your spine, your hips, your joints and your muscles, among others, will adapt to accommodate the baby and give birth later. Are you looking for pregnancy physiotherapy? All these modifications will cause discomfort to the future mother and the care of a physiotherapist will help you to minimize the normal pain of the process, prepare it for childbirth and compensate for the changes in your body. The bold female body undergoes a series of harsh changes, both physical and hormonal, during the process of pregnancy and even after it.
The pains and other discomforts associated with these changes are normal and may affect women differently. Nowadays, specialists recommend pregnant women to physiotherapy sessions to alleviate such discomforts, as well as to prepare the body to facilitate the birthing process and to have a faster recovery from childbirth. Pregnancy physiotherapy helps you a lot! The hips will widen thanks to the hormone relaxin, which softens the pubic symphysis, increasing the space for the baby to pass through the birth. During pregnancy, it is normal for this space to increase by 2-3 mm when in the usual situation of absence of pregnancy it usually measures about 4 or 5 mm. If space is 10 mm or more, diastasis is diagnosed.

It is normal for this separation to cause pain and discomfort when walking, lowering or climbing stairs, when separating the legs, in the lower part of the back end of the pelvic floor and on the anterior side of the inferior extremities. In these cases for the pregnancy physiotherapy, the physiotherapist can act, always in agreement with the doctor, with gentle techniques of articular manipulation ; make use of electrotherapy, more specifically ultrasound (it is not contraindicated the use for pregnant women) to reduce the pain; massage to loosen tight muscles; and optimal maintenance of the tone of the abdominals and pelvic floor to avoid hypermobility of the pelvic girdle. The application of cold, active rest and the use of a special girdle, can provide a quick relief of these discomforts.
Other changes that cause discomfort are breast growth and baby’s weight causing back pain and/or sciatica. In these cases, the physiotherapist through massages, gentle techniques, stretching and advice on postural hygiene will greatly alleviate these pains. It is also important that the woman be physically prepared. A woman with a good aerobic background, a good general musculature, mainly of the pelvic floor, with muscular resistance and strength, will enjoy not only a quick recovery but a reduction of labor time and the possibility of avoiding it. practice an episiotomy or suffer from tears.

The physiotherapist will be able to customize to the future mother a program according to its evolutionary state in each moment and to its needs, which include exercises of tonification, elasticity, perineal exercises, respiratory and relaxation because it is also important that women have control levels of stress. Practicing Pilates or yoga, going to prep classes, stretching every day and walking, are also good complements to be in shape.

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